Yum China Reports First Quarter 2020 Results

Total Revenues down 24%. System Sales down 20% and Same Store Sales down 15% in constant currency

Opened 179 new stores and Reported $97 million Operating Profit despite Unprecedented COVID-19 Impact

SHANGHAI, April 29, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Yum China Holdings, Inc. (the "Company" or "Yum China") (NYSE: YUMC) today reported unaudited results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2020.

Impact of COVID-19 Outbreak and Mitigation Efforts 

As the COVID-19 outbreak progressed, Yum China further heightened its focus on safeguarding the health and safety of its employees and customers. The Company implemented stringent health measures at its restaurants and workplaces, and provided extended healthcare and other support to employees.

First quarter operations were significantly affected by the outbreak. Working closely with local health authorities to safeguard the public, the Company began temporary store closures in late January where appropriate. Approximately 35% of stores were closed by mid-February at the peak of the outbreak, with significant regional differences. As of the date of this release, approximately 99% of stores in China are either partially or fully open.

For restaurants that remained open, same-store sales declined due to shortened operating hours and reduced traffic, with a significant portion of stores providing only delivery and takeaway services. Our results were strong for the first three weeks of January, but then the outbreak led to subsequent same-store sales declines of 40-50% compared to the comparable Chinese New Year holiday period in 2019. As the first quarter progressed, sales performance recovered gradually, with same-store sales down approximately 20% in late March. The pace of recovery is uneven with recent sales and traffic still below pre-outbreak levels as people continue to avoid going out and practice social distancing. Same-stores sales were still down by more than 10% month-to-date.

Yum China pioneered contactless delivery and contactless takeaway in late January to enhance preventative health measures. Those services proved popular with customers and have supported the businesses during this period of reduced dine-in traffic. Delivery contributed to 35% of Company sales in the first quarter, an increase of 16 percentage points year over year.

Sales deleveraging and additional costs incurred reduced restaurant margin and Operating Profit for the quarter. Those negative impacts were partially offset by effective cost management, labor productivity improvement, and one-time relief provided by our landlords and government agencies.

During the quarter, the Company opened 179 new stores, with the majority opened in January before the Chinese New Year. After that, openings were interrupted due to outbreak-related traffic restrictions and unavailability of construction workers. The Company subsequently resumed new store construction with four store openings in late March. 

First Quarter Highlights

  • Total revenues declined 24% year over year to $1.75 billion from $2.30 billion (a 21% decline excluding foreign currency translation ("F/X")).
  • Total system sales declined 20% year over year, with declines of 15% at KFC and 38% at Pizza Hut, excluding F/X.
  • Same-store sales declined 15% year over year, with an 11% decline at KFC and 31% decline at Pizza Hut, excluding F/X.
  • Restaurant margin was 10.7%, compared with 18.5% in the prior year period.
  • Operating Profit declined 68% year over year to $97 million from $303 million (67% decline excluding F/X). Adjusted Operating Profit declined 67% year over year to $98 million from $303 million (66% decline excluding F/X).
  • Effective tax rate was 32.7%.
  • Net Income declined 72% to $62 million from $222 million in the prior year period, primarily due to the decline in Operating Profit and mark-to-market loss from our equity investment in Meituan Dianping.
  • Adjusted Net Income declined to $63 million from $230 million in the prior year period. (68% decline excluding the mark-to-market loss of $8 million in the first quarter of 2020 and mark-to-market gain of $10 million in the first quarter of 2019 from our equity investment in Meituan Dianping, 67% decline excluding F/X).
  • Diluted EPS declined 72% to $0.16 from $0.57 in the prior year period.
  • Adjusted Diluted EPS declined to $0.16 from $0.59 in the prior year period (68% decline excluding the mark-to-market loss and gain from our equity investment in Meituan Dianping in 2020 and 2019, respectively, 67% decline excluding F/X).
  • Opened 179 new stores during the quarter, bringing total store count to 9,295 across more than 1,400 cities.

Key Financial Results


First Quarter 2020




% Change




System Sales



Same-Store Sales



Net New Units



Operating Profit



Yum China


(20)




(15)




+7




(68)



   KFC


(15)




(11)




+10




(47)



   Pizza Hut


(38)




(31)




+1



NM



 



First Quarter



(in US$ million, except











% Change



per share data and percentages)


2020




2019



Reported



Ex F/X



Operating Profit

$


97



$


303




(68)




(67)



Adjusted Operating Profit[1]

$


98



$


303




(67)




(66)



Net Income

$


62



$


222




(72)




(71)



Adjusted Net Income[1]

$


63



$


230




(73)




(72)



Basic Earnings Per Common Share

$


0.16



$


0.59




(73)




(71)



Adjusted Basic Earnings Per Common Share[1]

$


0.17



$


0.61




(72)




(72)



Diluted Earnings Per Common Share

$


0.16



$


0.57




(72)




(70)



Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share[1]

$


0.16



$


0.59




(73)




(71)



[1] See "Reconciliation of Reported GAAP Results to Adjusted Measures" included in the accompanying tables of this release for further details.

Note:  All comparisons are versus the same period a year ago.

NM refers to changes over 100%, from negative to positive amounts or from zero to an amount.

Percentages may not recompute due to rounding.

System sales and same-store sales percentages exclude the impact of F/X. Temporary store closures are normalized in the same-store sales calculation by excluding store weeks when stores are closed.

CEO and CFO Comments

"First and foremost, we wholeheartedly thank all the medical staff and frontline workers who put public health and safety above their own in fighting the COVID-19 outbreak," said Joey Wat, CEO of Yum China. "I am also incredibly proud of how the Yum China team rose to meet the challenges of this outbreak. Our top priority was—and still is—the health and safety of our employees and customers. We did not hesitate to close stores where appropriate, and put in place strict sanitation procedures at all of our stores that remained open. We also proactively expanded our Family Care Program to provide health insurance coverage for all restaurant management team members. In addition, our board members and senior executives have agreed to voluntarily forgo 10% of their base compensation for the balance of 2020 as contributions to fund additional assistance for frontline employees and their families impacted by COVID-19 as well as other emergency relief."

Wat continued, "Furthermore, we leveraged our culture of innovation to both protect our stakeholders and support our business. Most importantly, we quickly implemented a safe way to reach our customers through highly sanitary contactless delivery and contactless takeaway. Our digital infrastructure enabled us to stay nimble and communicate quickly with customers and employees online and through mobile technology. We were able to inform our members about compelling offers through our APPs, while efficiently adjusting labor hours based on rapidly changing traffic and sales patterns."

Wat concluded, "We were able to sustain operating profitability while extending much needed support to our employees, business partners and franchisees. This achievement under extraordinary circumstances is a testament to our resilient and flexible business model. Weathering this storm of all storms gives us great confidence in our ability to thrive in the years ahead by serving our employees, customers, and shareholders."

Andy Yeung, CFO of Yum China, added, "After a strong start to the year, the outbreak significantly impacted our business starting in late January. System sales declined 20% due to the temporary store closures combined with the 15% decline in same-store sales. Solid execution and aggressive cost controls allowed us to partially mitigate sales deleverage. Together with one-time relief from landlords and government agencies, we were able to generate an operating profit for the quarter."

Yeung continued, "The situation in China is gradually stabilizing, but we remain cautious as our restaurant traffic is still below pre-outbreak levels. We expect an extended recovery period, and that the pace will be uneven across regions, dayparts and segments. We will continue to implement aggressive measures to control our costs. On the other hand, global infections continue to rise. It remains difficult to predict the full impact of the pandemic on the broader economy and how consumer behavior may change. So, despite having a strong balance sheet, we will temporarily suspend our share repurchases and, for the next two quarters, dividends. We have taken these actions out of an abundance of caution as we navigate through these challenging times. We believe the strength of our balance sheet and capital structure will offer us flexibility to respond to contingencies, if needed, and to continue investments in long-term value-creating opportunities, where appropriate."

Dividends and Share Repurchases

  • Due to the unprecedented effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated economic uncertainty, the Company announced that it will temporarily suspend its share repurchases and, for the next two quarters, cash dividends on the Company's common stock. The Company had $1.54 billion in cash and short-term investments and no material debt at the end of the first quarter.
  • During the first quarter, the Company returned $52 million to shareholders through dividends and share repurchases. The Company repurchased approximately 0.16 million shares of common stock for $7.1 million at an average price of $43.49 per share.

Digital and Delivery 

  • As of March 31, 2020, the KFC and Pizza Hut loyalty programs had over 250 million members. KFC member sales represented approximately 62% of KFC's system sales and Pizza Hut member sales represented approximately 44% of Pizza Hut's system sales in the first quarter of 2020.
  • Delivery contributed to 32% of Company sales at KFC and 48% of Company sales at Pizza Hut in the first quarter of 2020, an increase of 14 and 24 percentage points, respectively, year over year.
  • Digital orders, including delivery, mobile orders and kiosk orders, accounted for 84% of Company sales at KFC and 65% of Company sales at Pizza Hut in the first quarter of 2020, an increase of 29 and 36 percentage points, respectively, year over year.

New-Unit Development and Asset Upgrade

  • The Company opened 179 new stores in the first quarter 2020, mainly driven by development of the KFC brand.
  • The Company remodeled 31 stores in the first quarter 2020.


New Units



Restaurant Count





First Quarter




As of March 31





2020




2020



2019



Yum China


179





9,295




8,653



   KFC


165





6,661




6,078



   Pizza Hut


11





2,271




2,249



   Others[2]


3





363




326



[2] Others include Little Sheep, East Dawning, Taco Bell and COFFii & JOY.

Restaurant Margin

Restaurant margin was 10.7% in the first quarter of 2020, compared with 18.5% in the prior-year period, primarily attributable to same-store sales decline and temporary store closures impacted by COVID-19, wage and commodity inflation, partially offset by the relief provided by our landlords and government agencies.


First Quarter





2020



2019



ppts change



Yum China



10.7

%



18.5

%



(7.8)



   KFC



13.6

%



20.0

%



(6.4)



   Pizza Hut



0.3

%



14.3

%



(14.0)



Recent Developments in April

The Company completed the acquisition of a controlling interest in the Huang Ji Huang group, a leading Chinese-style casual dining franchise business, for approximately $185 million. Upon completion of the acquisition, the Company held a 93.3% interest in the Huang Ji Huang group. Founded in 2004 and headquartered in Beijing, Huang Ji Huang has over 640 restaurants in China and internationally.

The Company entered into a definitive agreement to acquire an additional 25% equity interest in an unconsolidated affiliate that operates KFC stores in and around Suzhou, China ("Suzhou KFC"), for cash consideration of approximately $149 million. Upon closing of the acquisition in the second half of the year, subject to the satisfaction of closing conditions, the Company is expected to increase its equity interest to 72%, allowing the Company to consolidate Suzhou KFC.

2020 Outlook

The Company provides the following fiscal year 2020 targets, subject to revision based on future impacts of COVID-19 that cannot be predicted at this time:

  • To open between 800 and 850 new stores (gross), excluding Huang Ji Huang.
  • To make capital expenditures between $500 million and $550 million

The Company believes that the COVID-19 outbreak is likely to have a material and extended adverse impact on its operational and financial results for full year 2020. Future operations, as well as the Company's cash flows and financial position, may be materially and adversely influenced by further developments related to this global outbreak, including potential additional announcements and actions from governments and local authorities, disruption in our supply chain, our inability to provide safety measures to protect our employees, or other reasons. 

Note on Adjusted Measures

Reported GAAP results include Special Items, which are excluded from adjusted measures. Special Items are not allocated to any segment and therefore only impact reported GAAP results of Yum China. See "Reconciliation of Reported GAAP Results to Adjusted Measures" within this release.

Conference Call

Yum China's management will hold an earnings conference call at 8:00 p.m. U.S. Eastern Time on Tuesday, April 28, 2020 (8:00 a.m. Beijing/Hong Kong Time on Wednesday, April 29, 2020).  A copy of the presentation will be available on the Yum China Holdings, Inc. website, http://ir.yumchina.com.

U.S.:


+1 845 675 0437

Mainland China:


400 620 8038 or 800 819 0121

Hong Kong:


+852 3018 6771

U.K.:             


+44 20 36214779

International:


+65 6713 5090

Password:


Yum China

A replay of the conference call will be available two hours after the call ends until 10:00 a.m. U.S. Eastern Time on Tuesday, May 5, 2020 (10:00 p.m. Beijing/Hong Kong Time on Tuesday, May 5, 2020) and may be accessed by phone at the following numbers:

U.S.:

Mainland China:

Hong Kong

U.K.:


+1 855 452 5696

400 632 2162 or 800 870 0205

+852 3051 2780

+44 20 37014269

International:


+61 2 9003 4211

Passcode:


7469858

Additionally, a live webcast and an archived webcast of this conference call will be available at http://ir.yumchina.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including under "2020 Outlook." We intend all forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts and by the use of forward-looking words such as "expect," "expectation," "believe," "anticipate," "may," "could," "intend," "belief," "plan," "estimate," "target," "predict," "project," "likely," "will," "continue," "should," "forecast," "outlook" or similar terminology. These statements are based on current estimates and assumptions made by us in light of our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors that we believe are appropriate and reasonable under the circumstances, but there can be no assurance that such estimates and assumptions will prove to be correct. Forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding the future strategies, business plans, investment, dividend and share repurchase plans, earnings, performance and returns of Yum China, anticipated effects of population and macroeconomic trends, and the expected impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, the anticipated effects of our digital and delivery capabilities on growth and beliefs regarding the long-term drivers of Yum China's business. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance and are inherently subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict and could cause our actual results or events to differ materially from those indicated by those statements. We cannot assure you that any of our expectations, estimates or assumptions will be achieved. The forward-looking statements included in this press release are only made as of the date of this press release, and we disclaim any obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement to reflect subsequent events or circumstances, except as required by law. Numerous factors could cause our actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements, including, without limitation: whether we are able to achieve development goals at the times and in the amounts currently anticipated, if at all, the success of our marketing campaigns and product innovation, our ability to maintain food safety and quality control systems, changes in public health conditions, including the COVID-19 outbreak, our ability to control costs and expenses, including tax costs, as well as changes in political, economic and regulatory conditions in China. In addition, other risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial could affect the accuracy of any such forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements should be evaluated with the understanding of their inherent uncertainty. You should consult our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (including the information set forth under the captions "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K) for additional detail about factors that could affect our financial and other results.

About Yum China Holdings, Inc.

Yum China Holdings, Inc. is a licensee of Yum! Brands in mainland China. It has exclusive rights in mainland China to KFC, China's leading quick-service restaurant brand, Pizza Hut, the leading casual dining restaurant brand in China, and Taco Bell, a California-based restaurant chain serving innovative Mexican-inspired food. Yum China also owns the Little Sheep, Huang Ji Huang, East Dawning and COFFii & JOY concepts outright. The Company had 9,295 restaurants in over 1,400 cities at the end of March 2020. Yum China ranked # 362 on the Fortune 500 list for 2019. In 2020, Yum China was named to the Bloomberg Gender-Equality Index and was certified as a Top Employer 2020 in China by the Top Employers Institute, both for the second consecutive year. For more information, please visit http://ir.yumchina.com.

Investor Relations Contact:



Tel: +86 21 2407 7556

IR@YumChina.com  

 




Media Contact:



Tel: +86 21 2407 7510

Media@YumChina.com

 

 

 

 

Yum China Holdings, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

(in US$ million, except per share data)

(unaudited)




Quarter Ended



% Change



3/31/2020



3/31/2019



B/(W)

Revenues














Company sales


$

1,548



$

2,089




(26)



Franchise fees and income



35




39




(10)



Revenues from transactions with

   franchisees and unconsolidated affiliates



161




170




(5)



Other revenues



10




6




70



Total revenues



1,754




2,304




(24)



Costs and Expenses, Net














Company restaurants














Food and paper



495




638




22



Payroll and employee benefits



394




466




15



Occupancy and other operating expe

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